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Buyer Community> Trade Intelligence> Country Profiles-United Arab Emirates> United Arab Emirates-Geography

United Arab Emirates-Geography

Published: 04 Nov 2008 11:53:35 PST
Location:   
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
 
Geographic coordinates:   
24 00 N, 54 00 E
 
Map references:   
Middle East 
 
Area:   
total: 83,600 sq km
country comparison to the world: 114
land: 83,600 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Area - comparative:   
slightly smaller than Maine
 
Land boundaries:   
total: 867 km
border countries: Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
 
Coastline:   
1,318 km
 
Maritime claims:   
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
 
Climate:   
Current Weather
desert; cooler in eastern mountains
 
Terrain:   
flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
 
Elevation extremes:   
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
 
Natural resources:   
petroleum, natural gas
 
Land use:   
arable land: 0.77%
permanent crops: 2.27%
other: 96.96% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:   
760 sq km (2003)
 
Total renewable water resources:   
0.2 cu km (1997)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):   
total: 2.3 cu km/yr (23%/9%/68%)
per capita: 511 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:   
frequent sand and dust storms
 
Environment - current issues:   
lack of natural freshwater resources compensated by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
 
Environment - international agreements:   
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Geography - note:   
strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil
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