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Ukraine-Geography

Published: 04 Nov 2008 12:56:32 PST
Location:   
Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east
 
Geographic coordinates:   
49 00 N, 32 00 E
 
Map references:   
Europe 
 
Area:   
total: 603,550 sq km
country comparison to the world: 45
land: 579,330 sq km
water: 24,220 sq km
 
Area - comparative:   
slightly smaller than Texas
 
Land boundaries:   
total: 4,566 km
border countries: Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 940 km, Poland 428 km, Romania (south) 176 km, Romania (southwest) 362 km, Russia 1,576 km, Slovakia 90 km
 
Coastline:   
2,782 km
 
Maritime claims:   
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m or to the depth of exploitation
 
Climate:   
Current Weather
temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south
 
Terrain:   
most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south
 
Elevation extremes:   
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m
 
Natural resources:   
iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land
 
Land use:   
arable land: 53.8%
permanent crops: 1.5%
other: 44.7% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:   
22,080 sq km (2003)
 
Total renewable water resources:   
139.5 cu km (1997)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):   
total: 37.53 cu km/yr (12%/35%/52%)
per capita: 807 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:   
NA
 
Environment - current issues:   
inadequate supplies of potable water; air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant
 
Environment - international agreements:   
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
 
Geography - note:   
strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia; second-largest country in Europe
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