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Thailand-Geography

Published: 13 Mar 2010 13:55:43 PST
Location:   
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma
 
Geographic coordinates:   
15 00 N, 100 00 E
 
Map references:   
Southeast Asia 
 
Area:   
total: 513,120 sq km
country comparison to the world: 51
land: 510,890 sq km
water: 2,230 sq km
 
Area - comparative:   
slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming
 
Land boundaries:   
total: 4,863 km
border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km
 
Coastline:   
3,219 km
 
Maritime claims:   
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
 
Climate:   
Current Weather
tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid
 
Terrain:   
central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere
 
Elevation extremes:   
lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m
 
Natural resources:   
tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land
 
Land use:   
arable land: 27.54%
permanent crops: 6.93%
other: 65.53% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:   
64,150 sq km (2008)
 
Total renewable water resources:   
409.9 cu km (1999)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):   
total: 82.75 cu km/yr (2%/2%/95%)
per capita: 1,288 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:   
land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts
 
Environment - current issues:   
air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting
 
Environment - international agreements:   
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
 
Geography - note:   
controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore
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