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Lithuania-Geography

Published: 04 Nov 2008 12:20:47 PST
Location:   
Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia
 
Geographic coordinates:   
56 00 N, 24 00 E
 
Map references:   
Europe 
 
Area:   
total: 65,300 sq km
country comparison to the world: 122
land: 62,680 sq km
water: 2,620 sq km
 
Area - comparative:   
slightly larger than West Virginia
 
Land boundaries:   
total: 1,574 km
border countries: Belarus 680 km, Latvia 576 km, Poland 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 227 km
 
Coastline:   
90 km
 
Maritime claims:   
territorial sea: 12 nm
 
Climate:   
Current Weather
transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
 
Terrain:   
lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
 
Elevation extremes:   
lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Juozapines Kalnas 294 m
 
Natural resources:   
peat, arable land, amber
 
Land use:   
arable land: 44.81%
permanent crops: 0.9%
other: 54.29% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:   
70 sq km (2003)
 
Total renewable water resources:   
24.5 cu km (2005)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):   
total: 3.33 cu km/yr (78%/15%/7%)
per capita: 971 cu m/yr (2003)
 
Natural hazards:   
NA
 
Environment - current issues:   
contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
 
Environment - international agreements:   
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
Geography - note:   
fertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits
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