• Sourcing Solutions
  • Services & Membership
  • Help & Community
Buyer Community> Trade Intelligence> Country Profiles-Kazakhstan> Kazakhstan-Geography

Kazakhstan-Geography

Published: 04 Nov 2008 12:10:22 PST
Location:   
Central Asia, northwest of China; a small portion west of the Ural (Zhayyq) River in eastern-most Europe
 
Geographic coordinates:   
48 00 N, 68 00 E
 
Map references:   
Asia 
 
Area:   
total: 2,724,900 sq km
country comparison to the world: 9
land: 2,699,700 sq km
water: 25,200 sq km
 
Area - comparative:   
slightly less than four times the size of Texas
 
Land boundaries:   
total: 12,185 km
border countries: China 1,533 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,224 km, Russia 6,846 km, Turkmenistan 379 km, Uzbekistan 2,203 km
 
Coastline:   
0 km (landlocked); note - Kazakhstan borders the Aral Sea, now split into two bodies of water (1,070 km), and the Caspian Sea (1,894 km)
 
Maritime claims:   
none (landlocked)
 
Climate:   
Current Weather
continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid
 
Terrain:   
vast flat steppe extending from the Volga in the west to the Altai Mountains in the east and from the plains of western Siberia in the north to oases and deserts of Central Asia in the south
 
Elevation extremes:   
lowest point: Vpadina Kaundy -132 m
highest point: Khan Tangiri Shyngy (Pik Khan-Tengri) 6,995 m
 
Natural resources:   
major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium
 
Land use:   
arable land: 8.28%
permanent crops: 0.05%
other: 91.67% (2005)
 
Irrigated land:   
35,560 sq km (2003)
 
Total renewable water resources:   
109.6 cu km (1997)
 
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):   
total: 35 cu km/yr (2%/17%/82%)
per capita: 2,360 cu m/yr (2000)
 
Natural hazards:   
earthquakes in the south; mudslides around Almaty
 
Environment - current issues:   
radioactive or toxic chemical sites associated with former defense industries and test ranges scattered throughout the country pose health risks for humans and animals; industrial pollution is severe in some cities; because the two main rivers that flowed into the Aral Sea have been diverted for irrigation, it is drying up and leaving behind a harmful layer of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then picked up by the wind and blown into noxious dust storms; pollution in the Caspian Sea; soil pollution from overuse of agricultural chemicals and salination from poor infrastructure and wasteful irrigation practices
 
Environment - international agreements:   
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
 
Geography - note:   
landlocked; Russia leases approximately 6,000 sq km of territory enclosing the Baykonur Cosmodrome; in January 2004, Kazakhstan and Russia extended the lease to 2050
Share this post:
Related Article
Most Popular
icbunews010176201116